אַהְלָן, מָה נִשְׁמַע – אֲנִי מַייק
This lesson I’m going to be teaching you the words and grammar you need to make your next visit to the Shuk or supermarket in Israel a much more engaging one.
We’ll learn a load of key shuk vocabulary as well as how to actually use it in conversation.
So here’s a list of 75 words that you should know before you go the shuk. Open this now and have it open while you read this article. I’ve split it into beginner’s words and more advanced words (at the bottom). There are sound files here. So make sure you download them and practice saying the words.
Here’s a simple dialogue that you might find at the shuk. In this dialogue we have you (1) chatting with a vendor (2) at the shuk. Here’s a sound file of this dialogue.I suggest having the sound file playing along while you read the dialogue.
2: כֵּן בְּבַקָּשָׁה?
1: כַּמָּה הַבָּנָנוֹת לְקִילוֹ
2: שֶׁבַע וַחֲצִי שֶׁקֶל
1: יֵשׁ מַנְגּוֹ?
1: כמה זֶה עוֹלֶה?
2: שְׁתֶם עֶשְׂרֵה לְקִילוֹ
1: בְּסֵדֶר, אָז אֲנִי רוֹצֶה אֶת אֵלֶּה (אַתָּה מֵבִיא לוֹ בָּנָנוֹת) וְשָׁלוֹשׁ מַנְגּוֹ בְּבַקָּשָׁה
2: אֵין בְּעָיָה, זֶה שְׁלוֹשִׁים וּשְׁתַּיִם שִׁשִּׁים (אֲגָרוֹת) 32.60
1: יֵשׁ לִי רַק מֵאָה (אַתָּה מֵבִיא לוּ אֶת הַכֶּסֶף) זֶה בְּסֵדֶר?
2: כֵּן כֵּן, שַׂקִּית?
1: לֹא אֲנִי לֹא רוֹצֶה, תּוֹדָה רַבָּה
I’d like to pay attention to one grammar point here – the יש yesh there is and it’s corresponding conjugations (יש לי, יש לך). Yesh יש is like English’s “is there” and “I have, you have etc.”. So it looks something like this
Is there? – יֵשׁ
I have – יֵשׁ לִי
You (m) have – יֵשׁ לְךָ
You (f) have – יֵשׁ לָךְ
He has – יֵשׁ לוֹ
She has – יֵשׁ לָהּ
We have – יֵשׁ לָנוּ
Noa has – יֵשׁ לְנֹעָה
My mum has – יֵשׁ לְאִמָּא שֶׁלִּי
So yesh יש is all about there being something. Something existing. There are mangoes, I have mangoes, he doesn’t have mangoes. And depending on who has the mangoes you just play with the ל – לי, לו, לנו – but the יש stay the same and at the beginning.
I don’t have mangoes
Sometimes you’re having a rough day and you just don’t have any mangoes. To say this just swap יש for אין
There are no mangoes – אֵין מַנְגּוֹאִים
I don’t have mangoes – אֵין לִי מַנְגּוֹאִים
For those more advanced out there how do you apply this to past and future tense? There was pumpkin (past) and there will be pumpkin (future). Swap יש (or אין) with היה (past) or יהיה (future)
There was pumpkin – הָיָה דְּלַעַת
There will be pumpkin – יִהְיֶה דְּלַעַת
And then to personalise it….just add the ל with it’s appropriate ending (לי, לך etc.)
I had pumpkin – הָיָה לִי דְּלַעַת
You (m) will have a pumpkin – יִהְיֶה לְךָ דְּלַעַת
Try writing your own example sentences in the comments section. I’ll correct them for you and it’s the best way to learn – trying it out to see if you got it.
A little slang…
In Hebrew say שֶקֶל and not שְׁקָלִים even if you’re talking about more than one shekel. In Israel in casual, everyday situations we say 250 shekel, not 250 shekels. 1000 shekel, and not 1000 shekels. But if you’re a purist then you can say plural shkalim – שְׁקָלִים. Just make sure that you don’t say shekelim שֶקֶלים. The first “e” sound drops away and it becomes shkalim שְׁקָלִים!
How much is it? – כַּמָּה זֶה?
It’s 30 shekels – זֶה שְׁלוֹשִׁים שֶׁקֶל
I hope that you enjoyed this lesson. If you did then you’d probably enjoy my face to face lessons as well in Tel Aviv.
I teach conversational Hebrew to small groups using real life scenarios to learn vocabulary, grammar, slang and to build speaking skill and confidence. We meet once a week for 90 minutes and all students are paired with a tutor (native Israeli) for a weekly 60 minute skype lesson. You go over the content of the lesson with them and get the one thing that we all need more of – speaking practice.
Check out our groups and how to join one and get your own tutor here.